Size Structure of Areolate Grouper (Epinephelus areolatus) from the Saudi Coast of the Arabian Gulf

Authors

  • Jesusito A. Vicente Pangasinan State University, Binmaley Campus, Binmaley 2417, Pangasinan, Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47193/mafis.3532022010902

Keywords:

Arabian Gulf, areolate grouper, length-weight relationship

Abstract

Areolate grouper, Epinephelus areolatus, is one of the reef-associated fish species which is highly sought-after in the seafood trade. Consequently, a high market demand resulted to overexploitation and population decline of the species in the wild. This paper aimed to determine the size structure of E. areolatus from the Arabian Gulf. A total of 355 specimens of E. areolatus collected over the 12-month sampling period revealed high proportions of females observed throughout the year and in size class. Males (29.3 cm, 358.44 g) were bigger and heavier than females (28.8 cm, 326.66 g). The ‘b’ values ranging from 2.86 to 2.88 indicated negative allometric growth. The relationship between length and weight showed significant positive correlations with p < 0.0000 and r2 values ranging between 96.05-97.12%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abd-Allah E, El-Ganainy A, Osman A. 2015. Age and growth of the areolate grouper Epinephelus areolatus from the Gulf of Suez. Am J Life Sci. 3: 7-12.

Barrowman NJ, Myers RA. 1996. Is fish recruitment related to spawner abundance. Fish Bull. 94: 707-724.

Bolger T, Connolly PL. 1989. The selection of suitable indices for the measurement and analysis of fish condition. J Fish Biol. 34: 171-182.

Claro R, Garcia-Arteaga L. 2014. Growth patterns of fishes of the Cuban shelf. In: Claro R, Lindeman CK, Parenti LR, editors. Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution. Washington. p. 149-166.

Conover DO. 1990. The relation between capacity for growth and length of growing season: evidence for and implications of counter gradient variation. Trans Am Fish Soc. 119: 416-430.

Fadli N, Damora A, Muchlisin ZA, Dewiyanti I, Ramadhaniaty M, Razy NM, Macusi ED, Siti-Azizah MN. 2022. Length-weight relationships and condition factors of three Epinephelus grouper (Epinephelidae) harvested in the Northern Coast of Aceh, Indonesia. Int J Des Nat Ecodynamics. 17: 119-124.

Froese R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. J Appl Ichthyol. 22: 241-253.

Froese R, Pauly D. 2013. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.org.

Gumanao GS, Saceda-Cardoza MM, Mueller B, Bos AR. 2016. Length-weight and length-length relationships of 139 Indo-pacific fish species (Teleostei) from Davao Gulf, Philippines. J Appl Ichthyol. 32: 277-285.

Heemstra P, Randall J. 1993. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae): An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the groupers, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO.

Hopkins KD. 1992. Reporting fish growth: a review of the basics 1. J World Aquac Soc. 23: 173-179.

Hutchings J. 2003. Life histories of fish. In: Hart P, Reynolds D, editors. Handbook of fish biology and fisheries. Vol. 1. Oxford: Blackwell Science. p. 149-174.

Jennings S, Polunin NVC. 1997. Impacts of predator depletion by fishing on the biomass and diversity of non-target reef fish communities. Coral Reefs. 16: 71-82.

Jobling M. 2002. Environmental factors and rates of development and growth. In: Hart P, Reynolds D, editors. Handbook of fish biology and fisheries. Oxford: Blackwell Science. p. 97-102.

Jobling M, editor. 1994. Production and growth. Fish bioenergetics. London: Chapman and Hall. p. 147-150.

Johannes RE. 1997. Grouper spawning aggregations need protection. SPC Live Reef Fish Information Bulletin. 3: 13-14.

Johannes RE, Riepen M. 1995. Environmental, economic, and social implications of the live reef fish trade in Asia and the Western Pacific. Honolulu: The Nature Conservancy,

Kuo C. 1995. The groupers. In: Nash C, Novotny A, editors. Production of aquatic animals: fishes. Amsterdam: Elsevier. p. 305-317.

Lombardi-Carlson L, Fitzhugh G, Palmer C, Gardner C, Farsky R, Ortiz M. 2008. Regional size, age and growth differences of red grouper (Epinephelus morio) along the west coast of Florida. Fish Res. 91: 239-251.

Manooch CS. 1987. Age and growth of snappers and groupers. In: Polovina J, Ralston S, editors. Tropical snappers and groupers: biology and fisheries management. Boulder: Westview Press.

Morris AV, Roberts CM, Hawkins JP. 2000. The threatened status of groupers (Epinephelinae). Biodivers Conserv. 9: 919-942.

Munday PL, Jones GP, Pratchett MS, Williams AJ. 2008. Climate change and the future for coral reef fishes. Fish Fish. 9: 261-285.

Nair RJ, Seetha PK, Sunil KTS, Radhakrishnan M. 2021. Length weight relationships of demersal reef fishes from southwest coast of India. J Mar Biol Assoc India. 63: 40-48.

Ottolenghi F, Silvestri C, Giordano P, Lovatelli A, New M. 2004. Captured-based Aquaculture. The fattening of eels, groupers, tunas and yellowtails. Rome: FAO. 308 p.

Pauly D. 1994. Quantitative analysis of published data on the growth, metabolism, food consumption, and related features of the red-bellied piranha, Serrasalmus nattereri (Chara-cidae). Environ Biol Fishes. 41: 423-437.

Reinert TR, Jennings CA, Will TA, Wallin JE. 2005. Decline and potential recovery of striped bass in a southeastern US estuary. Fisheries. 30: 18-25.

Ricker WE. 1979. Growth rates and models. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ, Brett JR, editors. Fish physiology. Vol. 8. New York: Academic Press. p. 677-743.

Roff DA. 2000. Trade-offs between growth and reproduction: an analysis of the quantitative genetic evidence. J Evol Biol. 13: 434-445.

Russell BC, Houston W. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. Beagle. 6: 69-84.

Sadovy Y. 2000. Regional survey for fry/fingerling supply and current practices for grouper mariculture: evaluating current status and long-term prospects for grouper mariculture in Southeast Asia. Final report to the collaborative APEC Grouper Research and Development Network (FWG 01/99).

Sadovy Y, Domeier M. 2005. Are aggregation-fisheries sustainable? Reef fish fisheries as a case study. Coral Reefs. 24: 254-262.

Sadovy Y, Figuerola M, Roman A. 1992. Age and growth of red hind, Epinephelus guttatus. Puerto Rico and St Thomas. Fish Bull. 90: 516-528.

Sadovy YJ, Donaldson TJ, Graham TR, McGilvray F, Muldoon GJ, Phillips MJ, Rimmer MA, Smith A, Yeeting B. 2003. While stocks last: the live reef food fish trade. Manila: Asian Development Bank. 169 p.

Sale PF. 1998. Appropriate spatial scales for studies of reef-fish ecology. Austral J Ecol. 23: 202-208.

Sanaye S. 2014. Reef fishes of India: India biodiversity portal species data. http://indiareeffishes.lifedesks.org/.

Sluka RD. 1997. The biology and ecology of grouper in Laamu Atoll, Republic of Maldives. Male: Oceanographic Society of Maldives.

Tupper M, Sheriff N. 2008. Capture-based aquaculture of groupers. In: Lovatelli A, Holthus PF, editors. Capture-based aquaculture: global overview. FAO Fish Tech Pap. 508. p. 217-253.

[XLSTAT]. 2007. Statistical Software for Excel. New York: Addinsoft. http://www.xlstat.com.

Werner EE, Gilliam JF. 1984. The ontogenetic niche and species interactions in size-structured populations. Annu Rev Ecol Sys. 15: 393-425.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-06

How to Cite

Vicente, J. A. (2022) “Size Structure of Areolate Grouper (Epinephelus areolatus) from the Saudi Coast of the Arabian Gulf”, Marine and Fishery Sciences (MAFIS), 35(3), pp. 431–436. doi: 10.47193/mafis.3532022010902.