Polychaetes as biological indicators in Latin America and the Caribbean

Authors

  • Rodolfo Elías Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas (CONICET). BioIndicadores Bentónicos. Departamento de Ciencias Marinas. Funes 3250. CC1260. 7600 Mar del Plata. Argentina
  • Nuria Méndez Unidad Académica Mazatlán, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), P.O. Box 811, Mazatlán 82000, Sinaloa, México
  • Pablo Muniz Instituto de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales (IECA), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República (UdelaR), Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Rossana Cabanillas Laboratorio de Consultoría en Áreas Marinas Costeras (CEAMS), Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av Carlos Germán Amézaga 375 - Edificio Jorge Basadre, Ciudad Universitaria, Lima 15081, Perú
  • Carlos Gutiérrez-Rojas Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Av Carlos Germán Amézaga 375, Edificio Jorge Basadre, Ciudad Universitaria, Lima 15081, Perú
  • Nicolás Rozbaczylo Faunamar Ltda., Lira # 2355, San Joaquín, Chile
  • Mario H. Londoño-Mesa Instituto de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 # 53-108. Medellín, Colombia
  • Paulina Javiera Gárate Contreras Faunamar Ltda., Lira # 2355, San Joaquín, Chile
  • Maritza Cárdenas-Calle Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Guayaquil, Ciudadela Universitaria Salvador Allende. Av. Delta y Av. Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador - Bioelite, División Ambiental, Bosques El Salado Mz. 301 S2B, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • Francisco Villamar Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad de Guayaquil, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • Juan J. A. Laverde-Castillo Bogotá, Colombia
  • Kalina M. Brauko Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário Reitor João David Ferreira Lima, s/n, CEP 88040-900, Florianópolis, Brasil
  • Mariana Araki Braga Centro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Av. Beira-Mar s/n, Pontal do Sul, CEP 83255-000, Paraná, Brasil
  • Paulo da Cunha Lana Centro de Estudos do Mar, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Av. Beira-Mar s/n, Pontal do Sul, CEP 83255-000, Paraná, Brasil
  • Oscar Díaz-Díaz Instituto Oceanográfico de Venezuela, Universidad de Oriente, Cumaná, Venezuela

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47193/mafis.3412021010301

Keywords:

Polychaeta, indicators, contamination, environmental quality, ecotoxicology, bioassays

Abstract

Polychaetes (Annelida) are in intimate contact with the sediment where they live and the supernatant water. Environmental stress generates rapid responses in these organisms that are reflected in individuals and their populations, so they are used as biological indicators of disturbance and environmental quality. Polychaetes have been widely used in environmental monitoring and bioassays and many ecotoxicological studies are carried out with polychaetes. In almost all benthic habitats, these organisms play a very important role in the organization and structure of benthic communities and trophic webs. They are a fundamental item in invertebrates feeding and for migratory birds and fishes. Polychaetes are also economically important for the pharmaceutical industry, as concentrated food for cultured marine species (fish and crustaceans), in the medical field and in bioengineering, as well as to recreational (aquarium, bait) and of course for human consumption. Several of the existing environmental impact and quality indices are based on the tolerance/sensitivity characteristics of benthic organisms, and many of them are polychaetes. There are a few revision works of these organisms as indicators, but they are written in English. This work shows an upgrade referring to Latin America including an extensive literature review.

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Published

2021-02-24

How to Cite

Elías, R., Méndez, N., Muniz, P., Cabanillas, R., Gutiérrez-Rojas, C., Rozbaczylo, N., Londoño-Mesa, M. H., Gárate Contreras, P. J., Cárdenas-Calle, M., Villamar, F., Laverde-Castillo, J. J. A., Brauko, K. M., Araki Braga, M., da Cunha Lana, P. and Díaz-Díaz, O. (2021) “Polychaetes as biological indicators in Latin America and the Caribbean”, Marine and Fishery Sciences (MAFIS), 34(1), pp. 37–107. doi: 10.47193/mafis.3412021010301.

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