An experimental study on ghost fishing in rocky coastal reefs in southern Brazil

Authors

  • Johnatas Adelir-Alves Universidade da Região de Joinville, Rodovia Duque de Caxias, km 8, 89240-000 - São Francisco do Sul, Brazil
  • Pedro C. Pinheiro Universidade da Região de Joinville, Rodovia Duque de Caxias, km 8, 89240-000 - São Francisco do Sul, Brazil
  • Kátia M. F. Freire Laboratório de Ecologia Pesqueira, Departamento de Engenharia de Pesca e Aquicultura, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Cidade Universitária Prof. José Aloísio de Campos, Rua Mal. Rondon s/n, Jardim Rosa Elze, 49100-000 - São Cristóvão, Brazil
  • Luis Felipe A. Duarte Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Rua dos Suindaras, 13565-905 - São Carlos, Brazil
  • Gecely R. A. Rocha Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km 16, 45662-900 - Ilhéus, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47193/mafis.3532022010904

Keywords:

derelict gillnets, entangled, marine litter

Abstract

A ghost fishing experiment was conducted using gillnets in a rocky reef off the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Scuba divers monitored changes in the structure of the nets and catches for 92 days. One hundred and twenty-six entangled animals were observed, including target and non-target fishing species: 13 teleosts (N = 52; 43%) and four crustaceans (N = 74; 57%). The crab Menippe nodifrons was the most frequently entangled species (N = 36; 28%). Entanglement rates decreased over time following a logarithmic model for fishes and crustaceans, and an exponential model for both taxa combined, attributed to the degradation, and tangling of the nets and biofouling. The area of the net decreased linearly over time, collapsing after 92 days. This study provides the first experimental evaluation of the impacts of ghost fishing caused by gillnets in Brazilian rocky reefs.

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Author Biographies

Johnatas Adelir-Alves, Universidade da Região de Joinville, Rodovia Duque de Caxias, km 8, 89240-000 - São Francisco do Sul, Brazil

Pedro C. Pinheiro, Universidade da Região de Joinville, Rodovia Duque de Caxias, km 8, 89240-000 - São Francisco do Sul, Brazil

Kátia M. F. Freire, Laboratório de Ecologia Pesqueira, Departamento de Engenharia de Pesca e Aquicultura, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Cidade Universitária Prof. José Aloísio de Campos, Rua Mal. Rondon s/n, Jardim Rosa Elze, 49100-000 - São Cristóvão, Brazil

Luis Felipe A. Duarte, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Rua dos Suindaras, 13565-905 - São Carlos, Brazil

Gecely R. A. Rocha, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Rodovia Jorge Amado, km 16, 45662-900 - Ilhéus, Brazil

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Published

2022-07-15

How to Cite

Adelir-Alves, J., Pinheiro, P. C., Freire, K. M. F., Duarte, L. F. A. and Rocha, G. R. A. (2022) “An experimental study on ghost fishing in rocky coastal reefs in southern Brazil”, Marine and Fishery Sciences (MAFIS), 35(3), pp. 373–385. doi: 10.47193/mafis.3532022010904.