Grenadiers (Pisces, Macrouridae) of the Southwest Atlantic Ocean: biologic and fishery aspects
Keywords:Grenadiers, Caelorinchus fasciatus, Macrourus carinatus, Southwest Atlantic Ocean, fishery
Several grenadier species distribute in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. Macrourus carinatus and Caelorinchus fasciatus are more frequently identified in commercial catches and during research cruises. Those benthopelagic fishes, related to subantarctic waters, inhabit at depths beyond 200 m and in high seas, between 36° S-59° S. During the surveys carried out on board of Argentinean research vessels, M. carinatus was present in 4% of the trawls performed. The highest densities (>17 t nm-2), obtained between 360-380 m depth, at 39° S, decreased significantly southwards. C. fasciatus was caught in 6% of the total trawls and the highest densities (15-35 t nm-2) were found at depths beyond 200 m, south of 52° S. Due to the difficulty encountered to identify them, in fishing statistics they are grouped as “Grenadiers”. Nevertheless, in many cases, the correct identification by scientific observers on board of commercial vessels provides useful information to support the data gathered. Grenadiers are caught as by-catch in important fisheries that have the main fishing grounds south of 52° S. Historically, different countries participated in the fishery that shows two evolution periods. In the first, exploitation carried out mainly by vessels from the former USSR reached a maximum of 31,000 t in 1984. In the second, the Argentine fleet caught up to 10,000 t in 2000. At present, freezer and factory trawlers obtain 88% of the catches and longliners 10% of the total.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Analía Rosa Giussi, Felisa Sánchez, Otto Cristian Wöhler, Juan Carlos Bernardele
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors of articles published in Marine and Fishery Sciences retain copyright on their articles, except for any third-party images and other materials added by Marine and Fishery Sciences, which are subject to copyright of their respective owners. Authors are therefore free to disseminate and re-publish their articles, subject to any requirements of third-party copyright owners and subject to the original publication being fully cited. Visitors may also download and forward articles subject to the citation requirements. The ability to copy, download, forward or otherwise distribute any materials is always subject to any copyright notices displayed. Copyright notices must be displayed prominently and may not be obliterated, deleted or hidden, totally or partially.
This journal offers authors an Open Access policy. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other legal purpose within the Creative Commons 4.0 license (BY-NC-SA), without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of Open Access.